Influences on taking part in physical activity
There are many influences on an individual to become involved in sport.
Some of these include:
•Image and fashion influences
•Health and well being
1) Cultural Influences
Age can put limits on what sport an individual may take up. Depending on the size of the club they may have a team at each age group.
Males and females are both encouraged to take part in sport. Generally both sexes compete against the same gender to ensure fairness.
Mixed doubles tennis/badminton and show jumping are the only exceptions.
Sport is encouraged to all regardless of disability. They often compete against similar groups or can be mixed with able-bodied. Most facilities cater for disabled access. Although resources are available it can be limited in terms of the activities local facilities offer.
Taking part in an activity can be influenced by ethnic background. Many ethnic groups participate in sport but have other factors that can affect their opportunities.
Sports clothing is worn by all individuals irrespective of participation. Role models and teams have a huge influence on what we buy.
Sport using a variety of media outlets to promote and report to a wide audience.
A lot of media coverage can make a sport more popular.
Media in turn can have an influence on sports - Magazines, TV, Newspapers, Radio, and Internet
Many different people can influence us greatly on the participation of a physical activity. Here are some groups:
Think! Are these true with you and your sporting choice?
4) Resource influences
If people are to take part in physical activity and sport, suitable facilities and resources must be available.
Participation in sport depends on what is locally available. Some places may not have any facilities for some activities
Facilities need to be easily accessible. If they cannot be reached by foot or bike, easy access by public transport is important. Good parking may also be a consideration.
Facilities need to be available at the right time. This probably means that they should be open in the evening and at weekends, and, for students, during school holidays. Participants need to make time for practising and training.
5) Socio Economic
The amounts of money people earn and their occupation will influence what sport they choose to participate in.
Some sports are seen as higher class sports?
CAN YOU NAME ANY?
Some are seen as working class sports?
CAN YOU NAME ANY?
6) Health and well being
Illness – Individuals who are ill should not take part.
Health problems – Some activities may not be suitable for people with particular health problems, so they have to choose different ones.
- Taking part in regular sport and exercise reduces the chance of developing some health problems.
- It is possible to be ‘fit but not healthy’. For example a top athlete who is injured or has a cold will still be fit but is not healthy.
Opportunities for getting involved in sport
To be involved with sport you do not have to just be a player/ participant. There are lots of different roles available in the sporting world.
Other roles you take part in during your pe course are;
Q) Can you think of any other roles that are out their in the world of sport?
Q) Can you think of people with specific jobs that although they don't play they have a big impact on that sport or team?
Initiatives to keep people involved
It is important to know about the latest policies on PE and school sport. Initiatives change over time so it important to keep up to date and check with relevant policies.
The government has introduced a policy to ensure that 'all pupils receive two hours of high quality PE per week'. This will hopefully encourage participation and improve students' fitness.
The Physical Education School Sport and Club Links strategy is set out to increase participation and sporting opportunities for 5-16 year olds.
Sport England and the Youth sports trust have been working to build better links between schools and local sports clubs. They have been running 'step into sport' programmes to encourage pupils to become performers, leaders, officials and volunteers.
Sport England is an organisation that is committed to creating opportunities for people to Start, Stay and Succeed in sport.
The youth sports trust TOP link
TOP programmes are designed to get KS4 pupils (14-16 yrs) to organise and sports activities and dance festivals in local primary and special schools.
Various supermarket chains and and other enterprises run voucher programmes that allow schools and families to collect totals and use these to buy sports and exercise equipment.
Sports Participation Pyramid
The Sports participation pyramid illustrates the development from mass participation at the base of the pyramid to elite at the top. The number of people participating get smaller at each increasing level, which can handily be shown using a pyramid shape.
For the exam you need to know the four stages and be able to recognise the use of the pyramid to illustrate how many people take part at each level.
Now go to the edexcel past papers and test your knowledge with some exam questions for section 1.1.2